Pandangan Hukum Islam terhadap Ketentuan Hilangnya Kekuatan Hukum Surat Wasiat pada Pandemi Covid-19

Authors

  • M. Agustia Maradika Wildan KH Achmad Siddiq Jember State Islamic University, Indonesia
  • Inayatul Anisah KH Achmad Siddiq Jember State Islamic University, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35719/rch.v3i3.180

Keywords:

Islamic Law, Will, Covid-19

Abstract

A will is a form of gift whose implementation is carried out when the giver of the will dies. The implementation of a will can be done using oral or written methods. The purpose of a will is to make it known to other people, but in the Civil Code there is a rule that a will made during a pandemic suddenly becomes invalid, although in practice this rule does not apply to Muslims in Indonesia. The focus of the problems studied are: 1) What are the provisions for the loss of legal force in a will made during the Covid-19 pandemic based on the Civil Code Article 950 Paragraph 1?; 2) How does Islamic Law regulate the loss of legal force in a will made during the Covid-19 pandemic based on the Civil Code Article 950 Paragraph 1? This study uses a qualitative approach with a normative juridical type of research which aims to obtain views of Islamic Law regarding provisions regarding the loss of legal force in wills made during the Covid-19 pandemic in the Civil Code. The results of the research are that the validity period of a will made during the Covid-19 pandemic based on Article 950 Paragraph 1 of the Civil Code is 6 (six) months and if it exceeds that time, it loses its legal force. Meanwhile, the view of Islamic law is that a will remains legally enforceable as long as the will is not revoked by the testator.

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Perundang-undangan:

Kitab Undang-undang Hukum Perdata (KUH Perdata).

Kompilasi Hukum Islam (KHI).

Keputusan Presiden (Keppres) Republik Indonesia Nomor 12 Tahun 2020 tentang Penetapan Bencana Non-Alam Penyebaran CORONA VIRUS DISEASE 2019 (COVID-19) sebagai Bencana Nasional.

Published

2023-01-08

How to Cite

Wildan, M. A. M., & Anisah, I. (2023). Pandangan Hukum Islam terhadap Ketentuan Hilangnya Kekuatan Hukum Surat Wasiat pada Pandemi Covid-19. Rechtenstudent Journal UIN KHAS Jember, 3(3), 348–359. https://doi.org/10.35719/rch.v3i3.180